The right buffers and buffer springs are necessary to keep your AR-15 functioning properly. The buffer itself serves as an additional weight to aid in the cyclic action of the AR-15, and it also serves as a cushion between the buffer spring and the bolt carrier group.
Buffers Briefly Explained
As soon as the round is fired, gas from the bullet pushes the BCG rearwards. As the BCG travels back, the tail end of the BCG will make contact with the front of the buffer, or the large flat portion you see on every buffer.
When the BCG hits the buffer, pushing it back, it compresses the buffer spring. Once the buffer spring is compressed and the buffer travels back far enough, the spring expands pushing the buffer and bolt carrier group forward.
As the buffer moves forward it advances the BCG ahead into the receiver, stripping another round from the magazine, and stopping at the end of the buffer tube.
What to Consider When Purchasing
You may be in the market for a buffer kit as a means of improving your rifle’s functionality, or simply because these parts tend to need to be replaced over time. Adjusting the types of springs and buffers you use is also one way to optimize gas delivery and reliability. Here are some things to consider when choosing a buffer kit:
Using the proper buffer weight will keep your rifle operating smoothly and will extend the overall life of the parts. You can also minimize the recoil impulse by adjusting buffer weight.
What buffer weight should you use for your AR-15? The answer to this question depends on many factors,
Take a look at the variations in weight below. The weights provided are estimates, since the exact ounce count varies from manufacturer to manufacturer:
3 oz. (the most common weight) Usually uses three steel weights.
Heavy or H1:
Consists of one tungsten and two steel weights. Weighs around 3.8 oz.
Typically composed of two tungsten and one steel weight and weighs about 4.6 oz.
Normally uses three tungsten weights to weigh around 5.6 oz.
Weighs around 5.0 oz and uses five steel weights and a steel spacer.
You can use different combinations of the included parts to tune your buffer weight to your needs.
The two main sizes of buffers are rifle length and carbine length. It’s important to note that the two are absolutely NOT interchangeable. In general, rifle length buffers are used for standard A2 buffer tubes installed for fixed stock ARs. They are made longer than carbine length buffers so that they can successfully fill the extra space in an A2 rifle buffer tube.
Carbine length buffers, on the other hand, are the ideal choice for most collapsible stocks with carbine buffer tubes. A great deal of stocks available on today’s market use Mil-Spec carbine buffer tubes, however some utilize the commercial spec carbine buffer tubes.
Buffer springs may look similar, but they do have differences that can affect your rifle’s functionality. While most rifle and carbine springs have exactly the same diameter, they come in different lengths. A standard carbine spring will measure about 10.5” and have 37 to 39 coils, but a standard rifle spring has a typical length of 12.75 and boasts 41 to 42 coils.
Sometimes, a “twang” sound can occur when firing, due to the fact that most buffer springs rub against the internal surface of the buffer tube. You can reduce this noise by choosing a spring with a smoother surface or a special finish to increase lubricity.
The Geissele Super 42 Braided Wire Buffer Spring is one of our favorite picks for that very reason. Its unique spring design uses three independent strands of wire, just like the German MG42 Machine Gun.
This concept acts as a harmonic damper and energy absorber by allowing the springs to flex separately from each other, decreasing the chance of spring failure. In addition, this design prevents the spring from losing length and force over a given round count and removes annoying spring reverberations (twang).
All in all, the choice of buffer springs and what buffer weight you want to use is up to you and should be dictated by your needs. Whether you are constructing a competition carbine platform, creating a long range AR rifle, producing a firearm specifically for suppressed use, or building a firearm in pistol configuration for CQB applications, the buffer weights and springs are available to make each one run like a champ during your next visit to the range.
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